Phonics

The following tables show the differences between the four main orthographies developed for the Lahu language. The Protestant orthography is given priority as it is the most widely used.

Protestant Matisoff Catholic Chinese
a a a a
i i i i
u/uh u u/ö u
e e e e
o o o o
eh è ie
aw ò aw
ui/uh ü/ö eu
eu ë eu
ai ay ai ai
ao aw o ao
u-i wi
o-e we
aweh w
Vowel Orthographic Comparison (adapted from Matisoff[^1])
Protestant Matisoff Catholic Chinese
k’ q q q
hk’ qh qh qh
k k k k
hk kh kh kh
g g g g
ng ng ng
c/tc c c/tc c/z
ch/ts ch ch/ts ch/zh
j/dz j j/dz j/dz
t t t t
ht th th th
d d d d
n/ny n n/gn n
p/pf p p/pf p
hp/hpf ph ph/phf ph
b/bv b b/bv b
m/mv m m/mv m
h h h h
g’ gh x
sh/s s sh/s sh/s
y/z y y/z y/r
f f f f
v v v v
l l l l
Consonant Orthographic Comparison (adapted from Matisoff[^1])
Protestant Matisoff Catholic Chinese
ca ca caˍ ca
caˉ ca caq
caˇ ca cad
caˬ caˬ cal
caˍ ca cal
caˆ câ? caˆ cat
ca cà? ca car
Tonal Orthographic Comparison (adapted from Matisoff[^1])

Publications in Linguistics, Vol. 139. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. Available online